History of the Biewer’s Yorkie

The Biewer Yorkshire a la’ Pom Pon is a tri-colored Yorkshire Terrier Born from two Jr. Champion Traditional Yorkshire Terriers

The Original Biewer Yorkshire A’ La Pom Pons were Yorkshire Terriers.

  How the Biewer Yorkshire A la Pom Pon came to be is as follows:

   In the 1970’s Mr. Werner Biewer purchased some dogs from Streamglen Kennels. Streamglen Richard DOB: 10/6/1972 and Streamglen Flora being among them. Streamglen Richard was a consistent championship show winner and became German Champion. Mr. Biewer raised most of his dogs from Streamglen Richard.

 These dogs were the foundation of what is known as the Biewer Yorkshire A la Pom-Pon.

To get the Tri color, a recessive piebald gene was present in both dogs combined making it the dominant gene. His tri-colored Yorkie was born from two traditional champion Yorkshire terriers.

Mr. Biewer continued to breed for the tri-colored Yorkshire Terriers.  

From there, he line-bred/inbred to keep producing the Parti colored Yorkshire Terrier. 

In 1989, when Mr. Biewer signed the standard for the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon, it was that of a Yorkshire Terrier with white-blue-gold coloring. The standard was short and brief. The Biewer had a docked tail until May of 1998 when Germany outlawed docking. The tail was thereafter left long.

In the USA the traditional Biewer Clubs continue to disagree; some say it is a Yorkshire Terrier, some say it is a breed of its own, some say it’s mixed with other breeds, each trying to get this little dog into AKC.  Some even go so far as to say it is a cousin to the Yorkie.

  Most of the Biewer Clubs in the United States believe in breeding only Biewer to Biewer, they say, to keep the breed pure. One could say it does keep the breed “pure” because what they are doing is line-breeding, breeding a tri-color Yorkie to a tri-color Yorkie to produce tri-color Yorkies. That is what Mr. Biewer did; He bred his tri colors to each other to get Tri’s. All are Yorkshire Terriers.

 It is said that Mr. Biewer wanted recognition that the Biewer is a tri-colored Yorkshire Terrier.

Now, Biewers come in chocolates, reds, gold’s and creams. All colors that have been in the Yorkie line’s for years.  Breeders of these dogs are making new breeds of them.

They now have:

Biewer: Black/Blue, white and tan

Biro: Chocolate, Chocolate and white or chocolate tri-color

 Gold DustGold or gold and white

 Ocean PearlGolden or reddish brown when young with black tips

In short, the Biewer is a line of Yorkies (Like the Durrer or Wildweir lines) that a man in Germany bred and called after his own name.

Tri-colored Yorkshire Terriers have been around as long as the breed has but was considered a disqualification of the breed.

The Parti/ Biewer Difference?

As far back as we can trace the Parti color has been in the Yorkshire Terrier.  It is a recessive gene that can be traced back to the 1800’s

Now, as to the difference of the two tri-colored dogs, the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon and the Parti Yorkie trace back to Streamglen Shaun.

 The Biewers started in Germany with Mr. Biewer purchasing a stud dog, Streamglen Richard, in 1975 from Streamglen Kennels. At the time Streamglen was producing Champion status Yorkies and were selling Yorkies across the world and the United States.

Mr. Biewer started breeding Ch. Streamglen Richard to all his Female Yorkshire Terriers trying to make his own mark by producing Champion quality Yorkies that would come from his kennel. In his quest for champions, he did a lot of line and inbreeding. Then, in January of 1984, a tri-colored Yorkshire Terrier was born from two of his Champion dogs, Darling and FruFru, line bred from Streamglen Richard.

On the other side of the ocean, in the United States Nikko’s Kennels (The Lipmans) were doing the exact same thing: breeding for Champion Yorkies. Nikko’s Kennels purchased a couple of females from Streamglen, one being Streamglen Milady. Nikko’s purchased their Champion male (Ch. Quarnhill Fusspot) from Stoneybrook Kennels in 1971 and bred him to Streamglen Milady. Nikko’s then began producing Champion Yorkies and continued to line breed. In the 80’s tri-colored Yorkies started showing up in Nikko’s kennels. Gloria couldn’t bear to put the pups down so she passed them out the back door as pets and told them not to say where they got them (her own words).  

Mr. Biewer registered his tri-colors at first with VDH/KFT but they designated them wrong color, “not for breeding,” so he went in search of a club that would accept them as a variation of the Yorkie. The ACH was the first club to accept them as a variation of the breed. The dogs were then registered as Biewer Yorkshire A la Pon Pom. They originally had docked tails but Germany subsequently passed a law against docking and since then the tails have remained long.

In the USA, Summit and Crownridge both got tri-colored pups from Nikkos kennels and wanted their tri-colored dogs registered with AKC, as they were born from 2 AKC registered dogs and they wanted the right color to be shown on the papers (Black, white and tan), so in 2000 after 18 months of DNA testing, AKC accepted the tri- colored Yorkshire Terrier. AKC papers state they are Yorkshire Terrier/Parti color on the papers so the name Parti Yorkies has stuck with the tri-color Yorkies in the last few years.

 When you hear people quote that Biewers have a standard and Parti’s do not, this is not true. Parti’s go by the Yorkshire Terrier Standard except for color. The Biewer clubs also state that their standard has color specific placement and the Parti’s do not. You cannot predict the piebald gene; you cannot predict where the black or the white will be so therefore you cannot be color specific. Other than that it must be white, blue and tan etc.  AKC sets that for the AKC reg. Parti color Yorkies.

A PIEBALD patterned dog has a white BASE coat with colored spots. Piebald means “WHITE SPOTTED” so you use the other colors on the dog and piebald as the pattern by which it is marked up. A black/tan Piebald would be a dog with a base color of white with colored spots and tan markings on the face, legs and around base of tail.

Piebald is not a breed or a type but a color pattern.

Piebald spotting is a pattern of spots which occur randomly anywhere on the body, including the torso. They are not of consistent size or location therefore. Dogs that have piebald spotting (spa) can have very few colored spots or very many.

 The Parti Yorkshire terriers are AKC registered and the Biewers are not, AKC considers them both Yorkies and not a rare breed as the Biewer Breeders have portrayed them.  They are not a RARE breed, they are just a tri-colored Yorkshire Terrier that has been popping up through the years, however, because Mr. Biewer drew his dogs out of VDH/KFT they could not be registered AKC.  In the process of him hunting for an avenue to breed and show his lovely tri-colors he made a grave mistake by trying to pass them off as a breed of their own so he could raise and show them, So as of now, the AKC will not recognize them as a breed of their own since they see them as nothing but a tri-color Yorkie.

 The Biewer is not AKC registered, so keep this in mind if you are planning on purchasing one.  The Parti Yorkie is AKC registered.

Not all Parti Yorkies came from the Nikko’s line, there are other lines of Parti Yorkshire Terriers.

The BBCA club posted this Breeding Philosophy on their website: Just because you’re breeding Biewer to Biewer does not make them another breed. They are still Yorkies. they came from Yorkies, and if no other breed has been added, they are still Yorkies. As long as you breed them to each other they will always be Yorkies. Yorkies of a different color, but never the less, they are Yorkshire Terriers.

So, it is up to each person to weigh the options of which you prefer – a Parti color Yorkshire Terrier or a Biewer.  If you plan on breeding, keep in mind that the AKC Parti color Yorkie can be bred to any other AKC registered Yorkie no matter what color. Most Biewer clubs only believe in breeding Biewer to Biewer, so to get your pups registered you would have to follow their protocol and the gene pool is extremely small compared to the Yorkshire Terrier Gene pool.