History of the Biewer’s Yorkie

The Biewer Yorkshire a la’ Pom Pon is a tri-colored Yorkshire Terrier Born from two Jr. Champion Traditional Yorkshire Terriers

The Original Biewer Yorkshire A’ La Pom Pons were Yorkshire Terriers.

  How the Biewer Yorkshire A la Pom Pon came to be is as follows:

   In the 1970’s Mr. Biewer purchased some dogs from Streamglen Kennels. Streamglen Richard DOB: 10/6/1972 and Streamglen Flora being among them. Streamglen Richard was a consistent championship show winner and became German Champion. Mr. Biewer raised most of his dogs from Streamglen Richard.

 These dogs were the foundation of what is known as the Biewer Yorkshire A la Pom-Pon.

To get the Tri color, a recessive piebald gene was present in both dogs combined making it the dominant gene. His tri-colored Yorkie was born from two traditional champion Yorkshire terriers.

Mr. Biewer continued to breed for the tri-colored Yorkshire Terriers.  

From there, he line-bred/inbred to keep producing the Parti colored Yorkshire Terrier. 

The tri-color Yorkies were at first registered in VDH/KFT, but they designated them as being of “wrong color, not for breeding.” KFT would register the tri-colors as long as they came from VDH/KFT registered Yorkies but if they were tri-colored the papers were marked as “Not For Breeding” so none of the offspring could be registered. It is said Mr. Biewer then began his search for a registry that would accept his tri-color Yorkies. The ACH (Allgemeiner Club der Hundefreunde Deutschland) was the only club to accept them as a Biewer Yorkshire Terrier. In 1986, the dogs were officially registered as Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon.

Mr. Biewer bred Darling von Friedheck to Fru Fru Von Friedheck and on January 20, 1984 a beautiful tri-colored Yorkshire Terrier, named Schneeflockchen Von Friedheck, was born. 

 In 1989, when Mr. Biewer signed the standard for the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon, it was that of a Yorkshire Terrier with white-blue-gold coloring. The standard was short and brief. The Biewer had a docked tail until May of 1998 when Germany outlawed docking. The tail was thereafter left long.

On 05/23/2003 Dagmar Pryzstaw and Daniela Braun opened the 1. Deutsche Biewer Club, But after some time Dagmar Pryzstaw left the 1.Deutsche Biewer club because of conflicts with Daniela Braun. In September of 2004 Dagmar opened 2 new Biewer Clubs, the 1.Deutscher Biewer Club and the International Biewer Club (IBC)

 It has been said by some of the American Biewer Clubs that Mr. Biewer never bred back to the traditional Yorkie, which is actually not correct. Mr. Biewer bred Darling to several of his tri-color females. He bred Darling to Grand Pom Pon to get Schneerose and he bred Darling to Schneeflokchen to get Schneewitten, and even as late as 1992 he was breeding to traditional color Yorkies when he bred Schneewirbel von Friedheck(tri) to Janny von Friedheck(a blue and tan Yorkie) to produce SCHNEE-MONSIEUR VON FRIEDHECK just to name a few.

  When Mr. Biewer died in 1997 his wife Gertrude Biewer dispersed all the dogs and discontinued the breeding program.

After his death, the USA started importing the Biewer Yorkshire A la Pom Pon and soon after, several clubs were formed. They have changed its name and some have even changed the standard from which Mr. Biewer set.

In the USA the Biewer Clubs continue to disagree, some say it is a Yorkshire Terrier, some say it is a breed of its own, some say it’s mixed with other breeds, each trying to get this little dog into AKC.  Some even go so far as to say it is a cousin to the Yorkie.

  Most of the Biewer Clubs in the United States believe in breeding only Biewer to Biewer, they say, to keep the breed pure. One could say it does keep the breed “pure” because what they are doing is line-breeding, breeding a tri-color Yorkie to a tri-color Yorkie to produce tri-color Yorkies. That is what Mr. Biewer did; He bred his tri colors to each other to get Tri’s. All are Yorkshire Terriers.

The history of where the Biewer begins is extremely important and should never be disregarded, shoved under the rug or ignored as some of the Biewer clubs are doing. You cannot just go back to certain dogs like Fru Fru and Darling and say the history started there. There were more dogs involved in the path that Mr. Biewer took to get his tri-colors than Fru Fru and Darling.

Careful breeding can cause a specific line within a breed to produce certain traits but genetics is genetics.

What genetic pool did Mr. Biewer use when developing this tri-color dog? If the entire gene pool consisted of Yorkies with nonstandard colors and markings, then the end result would still have to be a Yorkie whatever the coloration. Being born another color (out of standard) of a breed does NOT make it a new breed.

  Many in Germany and other countries do not practice the breeding of only Biewer to Biewer; they allow the traditional color Yorkies to be bred into the lines. Germany admitted that they did not have enough unrelated and healthy Biewer lines.  If Germany feels they didn’t have enough lines to breed only Biewer to Biewer, why do the American breeders feel they have enough unrelated and healthy lines? You have the same lines as the German breeders.

In Germany some health issues in the Biewers popped up, that came from all the inbreeding of Biewer to Biewer with not enough unrelated and healthy Biewer lines. More and more breeders in Germany no longer breed the Biewer, because of the health issues. And more and more German breeders that are still breeding feel it is necessary to breed their Biewers back to the Yorkshire terrier (and they do). They feel the Biewer is a Yorkshire Terrier, only the color makes the difference.

 It is said that Mr. Biewer wanted recognition that the Biewer is a tri-colored Yorkshire Terrier. That was the reason he left the VDH and called them “Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom-Pon”. Which was also the reason he set the standard from the “Yorkshire Terrier”, he only included the special color of the Biewer. It is only a Biewer if the puppy is born tri-color; traditional colors are considered Yorkie splitters. So you can have both traditional and Biewer puppies born in the same litter but registered 2 different ways because of the color.

Now, Biewers come in chocolates, reds, gold’s and creams. All colors that have been in the Yorkie line’s for years.  Breeders of these dogs are making new breeds of them.

They now have:

Biewer: Black/Blue, white and tan

Biro: Chocolate, Chocolate and white or chocolate tri-color

 Gold DustGold or gold and white

 Ocean PearlGolden or reddish brown when young with black tips

 So in a litter of puppies you can have 5 separate “breeds” depending on the color they come out.

 Are they separate breeds from each other? If a Biewer is bred with a Gold dust and the puppy comes out chocolate, how do you register it?  Is it registered as a Yorkshire Terrier or a Biro Biewer? Is a Biro only spotted or can it be solid Chocolate?  It is far too complicated, so let’s all call them what they are, “Yorkshire Terriers.”

The Biewer is a line of Yorkies (Like the Durrer or Wildweir lines) that a man in Germany bred and called after his own name. AKC will not accept the Biewer into the registry because they do not consider it to be a Yorkshire terrier (A color variation of the Yorkie).

However, if one thinks about it, how would a dog born from two traditional Yorkshire Terriers become another breed?  This is impossible unless another breed was bred into the line and if that is so, then it is not a true tri-color that came from Mr. Biewers dogs because all he bred were Yorkshire Terriers.

What Mr. Biewer did in Germany is not considered acceptable in the USA.  He took a purebred Yorkshire terrier and gave it a new name, registered in a new club and called it a new breed so that they could be registered, bred and shown.

 As AKC states: The FSS® is not open to “rare” breeds that are a variation of an AKC-registry breed or the result of a combination of two AKC-recognized breeds. This includes and is not limited to differences such as size (over and under), coat type, coat colors, and/or types that are disqualifications from conformation.

On December 10, 1976 (8 Years before Mr. Biewers first tri-color) Joan Gordon and Janet Bennet had a tri-color puppy born into their Champion Kennel (Wildweir) from their line. They decided to keep him and not put him down. They did register him with AKC, but as black and tan because AKC had no tri-color classifications at that time. “Trippy” lived to be 12 years old. Joan said at the time Trippy was born: “She had heard of Tri’s being born in England and that the tri-color Yorkie was imported into Germany from English stock”

In the 80’s Tri-color also showed up in the Champion Nikko’s line of Yorkshire terriers, but the owner did not put them down, instead she passed them out the back door as pets.

The Nikkos line and the Biewer line of Tri-color Yorkies both trace back to the same dog, Streamglen Shaun. Streamglen Shaun was a Yorkshire Terrier, yet the Parti-color Yorkie and the Biewer are considered separate breeds even though they have the same ancestors.   

Tri-colored Yorkshire Terriers have been around as long as the breed has but was considered a disqualification of the breed and breeders either destroyed them or gave them away as pets.

 An excerpt from an article written in The Yorkie Club Magazine 2008 on Colors and Texture by Hugo Ibanez, he states:

“You must understand why we have so much trouble and tribulations with color and texture as well as other elements of type. As I indicated before, I was coming back to touch a bit of history. Learning a bit about Yorkie ancestors will give you a better understanding of our breed and the Yorkie founding fathers, the consequences and difficulties with which we are confronted today.”

In 1845, one of them was described “resembling a Scotch (not Scottish) terrier, weight about 8 or 9 lbs., with good terrier head and eye but with a long body. The legs and muzzle only were tanned and hair on the body would be about 3 or 4 inches.” His mate was described as “a drop-eared Sky under 12 lbs. with plenty of coat of blue shade but destitute of tan on any part of the body.”

The third dog to play his part in the breed’s foundation was “a bitch, an old English Terrier with tanned head, ears, legs and sort of grizzle back.” Most of these English Terriers also had white markings.

These genes from these dogs are the beginning of our breed. It seems that after 163 years, those initial genes would have disappeared or have been diluted; apparently, they did no disappear, they just laid dormant.

Some canine experts believe our purebred dogs are locked in a genetic trap due to the evolutionary and hereditary process. What does it all mean? It means that after so many years it is difficult to eliminate influences of breeds used in early foundation stock. Why? Well, it could be argued that at the beginning all were somewhat inbred, as any given breed would have a relatively small member of founding sire.

What are the consequences?

 Well, as you can see, we are attempting to breed the perfect dog from imperfect ancestors. 163 years seem legendary, but, genetically, Yorkies are newbies.

Our ancestors were “Tutti Frutti” which makes our breeding more complicated. Nevertheless, considering all the odds, we have succeeded in most of the elements of type. All we have to do to reassure our success is to just take a look at pictures of Yorkies appearing in books and magazines from the last century, it would seem – to our reality now – that many were just pets.

 “No one knows better than you that as much we have progressed, we cannot get complacent; still the hill that we must climb is too steep.”

So as you can see that in 1984 when Mr. Biewers Tri-color Yorkie was born, it was neither a new breed nor a cross breed. It was a tri-colored Yorkie born from 2 traditional colored Jr. champion Yorkies. The result of 2 parents carrying recessively for the Piebald gene, and instead of putting this mismarked puppy down, he decided to inbreed and line breed for more.

 

The Parti/ Biewer Difference?

As far back as we can trace the Parti color has been in the Yorkshire Terrier.  It is a recessive gene that can be traced back to the 1800’s

Now, as to the difference of the two tri-colored dogs, the Biewer Yorkshire a la Pom Pon and the Parti Yorkie, I did some tracing of two lines of tri-colors – Mr. Biewer’s line and Nikko’s line. Both Nikko’s and the Biewer line of Tri-color Yorkies trace back to Streamglen Shaun.

 The Biewers started in Germany with Mr. Biewer purchasing a stud dog, Streamglen Richard, in 1975 from Streamglen Kennels. At the time Streamglen was producing Champion status Yorkies and were selling Yorkies across the world and the United States.

Mr. Biewer started breeding Ch. Streamglen Richard to all his Female Yorkshire Terriers trying to make his own mark by producing Champion quality Yorkies that would come from his kennel. In his quest for champions, he did a lot of line and inbreeding. Then, in January of 1984, a tri-colored Yorkshire Terrier was born from two of his Champion dogs, Darling and FruFru, line bred from Streamglen Richard.

On the other side of the ocean, in the United States Nikko’s Kennels (The Lipmans) were doing the exact same thing: breeding for Champion Yorkies. Nikko’s Kennels purchased a couple of females from Streamglen, one being Streamglen Milady. Nikko’s purchased their Champion male (Ch. Quarnhill Fusspot) from Stoneybrook Kennels in 1971 and bred him to Streamglen Milady. Nikko’s then began producing Champion Yorkies and continued to line breed. In the 80’s tri-colored Yorkies started showing up in Nikko’s kennels. Gloria couldn’t bear to put the pups down so she passed them out the back door as pets and told them not to say where they got them (her own words).  

Mr. Biewer registered his tri-colors at first with VDH/KFT but they designated them wrong color, “not for breeding,” so he went in search of a club that would accept them as a variation of the Yorkie. The ACH was the first club to accept them as a variation of the breed. The dogs were then registered as Biewer Yorkshire A la Pon Pom. They originally had docked tails but Germany subsequently passed a law against docking and since then the tails have remained long.

In the USA, Summit and Crownridge both got tri-colored pups from Nikkos kennels and wanted their tri-colored dogs registered with AKC, as they were born from 2 AKC registered dogs and they wanted the right color to be shown on the papers (Black, white and tan), so in 2000 after 18 months of DNA testing, AKC accepted the tri- colored Yorkshire Terrier. AKC papers state they are Yorkshire Terrier/Parti color on the papers so the name Parti Yorkies has stuck with the tri-color Yorkies in the last few years.

During this time each country (USA and Germany) went its own way in developing and registries of the tri color, but both are true Yorkshire terriers. How can the Biewer not be a Yorkie? It is stated in all the Biewer clubs history that they started from two Champion Yorkies, If they have tested to not be a purebred Yorkie then you do have a mixed dog, not a true Biewer that came from  Mr. Biewers Yorkshire Terriers.

In the USA’s desire for more Biewers, there was some mixing of breeds done in Germany to supply the demand, The BTCA says they are a mixed breed because they have had DNA tested on 100 Biewers. If this is true, and they show up as not a Yorkshire Terrier, then indeed some mixes were added, which makes them not a true Biewer. The true Biewer (In name Only) tri-colored Yorkie in Germany came from two traditional colored Yorkshire Terriers. How can they be a separate breed? They came from two Yorkies that carried the gene to produce tri-colors. They were not mixes. They were JR Champions and they were all Yorkshire Terrier.

In December of 1976, Wildweir Kennels (Joan Gordon and Janet Bennett) had a tri-color puppy born from two traditional color Yorkies. She and her sister said they had heard of it in England but it was the first one they had gotten one themselves. They registered him with AKC as Wildweirs Triplicate “Trippy” because of his tri-colors.

 Joan states that this pup came from Champion lines.

He was registered in AKC as a Black and tan because AKC did not have a color code for Tri’s in the 1970’s.  Most pups born out of standard color were put down, or quietly dispersed of.

  This was 8 years before Mr. Biewers Tri- colors were born and Mrs. Gordon said that the tri-color was imported into Germany from England.

Joan Gordon of Wildweir Kennels writes that Yorkies can be born tri-colored in her book in 1976 (The Complete Yorkshire Terrier) Page 205. This was written years before anyone ever heard of what is now called a Biewer.   

 When you hear people quote that Biewers have a standard and Parti’s do not, this is not true. Parti’s go by the Yorkshire Terrier Standard except for color. The Biewer clubs also state that their standard has color specific placement and the Parti’s do not. You cannot predict the piebald gene; you cannot predict where the black or the white will be so therefore you cannot be color specific. Other than that it must be white, blue and tan etc.  AKC sets that for the AKC reg. Parti color Yorkies.

A PIEBALD patterned dog has a white BASE coat with colored spots. Piebald means “WHITE SPOTTED” so you use the other colors on the dog and piebald as the pattern by which it is marked up. A black/tan Piebald would be a dog with a base color of white with colored spots and tan markings on the face, legs and around base of tail.

Piebald is not a breed or a type but a color pattern.

Piebald spotting is a pattern of spots which occur randomly anywhere on the body, including the torso. They are not of consistent size or location therefore. Dogs that have piebald spotting (spa) can have very few colored spots or very many.

 The Parti Yorkshire terriers are AKC registered and the Biewers are not, AKC considers them both Yorkies and not a rare breed as the Biewer Breeders have portrayed them.  They are not a RARE breed, they are just a tri-colored Yorkshire Terrier that has been popping up through the years, however, because Mr. Biewer drew his dogs out of VDH/KFT they could not be registered AKC.  In the process of him hunting for an avenue to breed and show his lovely tri-colors he made a grave mistake by trying to pass them off as a breed of their own so he could raise and show them, So as of now, the AKC will not recognize them as a breed of their own since they see them as nothing but a tri-color Yorkie.

 The Biewer is not AKC registered, so keep this in mind if you are planning on purchasing one.  The Parti Yorkie is AKC registered.

Not all Parti Yorkies came from the Nikko’s line, there are other lines of Parti Yorkshire Terriers.

The BBCA club posted this Breeding Philosophy on their website: Just because you’re breeding Biewer to Biewer does not make them another breed. They are still Yorkies. they came from Yorkies, and if no other breed has been added, they are still Yorkies. As long as you breed them to each other they will always be Yorkies. Yorkies of a different color, but never the less, they are Yorkshire Terriers.

 Germany feels they don’t have enough lines to breed only Biewer to Biewer, they breed back to the Yorkshire Terrier.  If the Germans feel they don’t have enough lines, why do the American breeders feel they have enough unrelated and healthy lines? They have the same lines as the German breeders and got them from Germany.

So, it is up to each person to weigh the options of which you prefer – a Parti color Yorkshire Terrier or a Biewer.  If you plan on breeding, keep in mind that the AKC Parti color Yorkie can be bred to any other AKC registered Yorkie no matter what color. Most Biewer clubs only believe in breeding Biewer to Biewer, so to get your pups registered you would have to follow their protocol and the gene pool is extremely small compared to the Yorkshire Terrier Gene pool.